Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

Breathing Life Into Healing: A Closer Look at Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

Hyperbaric Oxygen TheraphyHyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) is a cutting-edge medical treatment that capitalizes on the healing properties of pure oxygen under increased atmospheric pressure. ⁤⁤When a patient undergoes HBOT, they enter a pressurized chamber where they breathe in 100% pure oxygen. ⁤⁤This elevated pressure and oxygen concentration result in a significant increase in the amount of oxygen dissolved in the bloodstream. ⁤⁤This super-oxygenation is crucial because it allows oxygen to reach areas of the body with compromised blood flow, where oxygen delivery is typically limited. ⁤⁤As a result, we see the growth of new blood vessels, a process known as angiogenesis, as well as the release of growth factors and stem cells, which further accelerate tissue healing ⁤

For chronic wounds that have been resistant to traditional treatments, such as diabetic ulcers or radiation injuries, HBOT can provide the extra boost needed for healing to occur. ⁤⁤At Albany Vascular, we recognize the profound impact hyperbaric medicine can have on healing. ⁤⁤Under the expert guidance of our medical staff, patients can rest assured that each session is designed to maximize the benefits of this advanced treatment modality, promoting faster healing and improved outcomes. ⁤

Why Choose Us for Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

  • Covered by Most Major Insurance Carriers
  • Treatment Options for a Wide Variety of Indications
  • Lower Cost of Care than a Hospital Setting
  • Quick & Easy Appointment Setting

Conditions that Benefit from Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

  • Diabetic wounds of the lower extremities (ex: foot wounds)
  • Gas gangrene/myonecrosis (bacterial infection))
  • Progressive necrotizing infections, such as necrotizing fasciitis (death of tissue caused by fast-spreading bacterial infection)
  • Acute peripheral arterial insufficiency (which can lead to ulcers and other non-healing wounds)
  • Compromised skin grafts/skin flaps
  • Chronic refractory osteomyelitis (bone infection)
  • Osteoradionecrosis (bone injury caused by radiation)
  • Soft tissue radionecrosis (tissue damage caused by radiation)
  • Actinomycosis (rare bacterial infection that causes sores and abscesses)
  • Sudden sensorineural hearing loss

Wound Care

Advanced Wound Care For Non-Healing Wounds 

Venous Thrombectomy - Vascular Disease TreatmentNon-healing, or chronic, wounds present unique challenges that demand the expertise of wound care specialists, yet many patients aren’t sure where to turn when they find themselves with a wound that just won’t heal.  

Whether you are struggling with diabetic ulcers or the aftermath of traumatic injuries, we stand prepared with a comprehensive range of advanced treatment options tailored to your specific needs. When left untreated, chronic wounds can worsen and even lead to the necessity of amputation – early intervention and treatment are key! Trust the team at Albany Vascular to develop a customized treatment plan that will set you on a path to healing. Depending on your circumstances your treatment plan might include one of our wound care services listed below:

  • Diagnostic testing (vascular testing, blood tests, x-rays)
  • Nutritional evaluation
  • Nutritional/diabetic counseling
  • Education and prevention
  • Infection control
  • Specialized dressings
  • Pressure-relieving devices
  • Debridement (removal of dead or infected tissue)
  • Compression therapy/multi-layer compression wraps
  • Specialty dressings and topical applications
  • Wound debridement
  • Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

Compression Hose

Compression therapy helps manage swelling, leg ulcer healing rates, decrease the risk of ulcer recurrence and aid the return of blood to the heart.

  • Compression garments provide external support to the vein walls and work in conjunction with the calf muscle pump.
  • Medical graduated compression starts at the ankles gradually decreases as it rises up the leg. Compression stockings deliver therapeutic compression for the management of edema,lymphedema and ulcers.

We offer in office sizing with optional styles, colors, sizes, and lengths.

Vascular Conditions & Diagnostics

Vascular Conditions

1. Arterial Conditions

    – Occlusive Arterial Diseases:

        Atherosclerosis-Related Diseases

    • Carotid Artery Disease
    • Vertebral Artery Diseases
    • Renal Artery Disease
    • Mesenteric (intestinal) Artery Disease
    • Lower & Upper Extremity Disease

        Non-Atherosclerosis Arterial Diseases

    • Raynaud’s Disease 
    • Buerger’s Disease

    – Aneurysms 

  • Aortic Aneurysms
  • Other Aneurysms 

2. Venous Conditions

    – Varicose Veins

    – Venous Stasis Ulcers

3. Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

4. Hemodialysis Access Management

5. Lymphatic Condition

Vascular Diagnostic Tests

Non-invasive Vascular Tests

    1. Abdominal Vascular Ultrasound Testing

  • Aorta and Iliac Duplex Testing
  • Mesenteric Duplex
  • Renal Duplex Testing

    2. Arterial Evaluation of Extremities

  • Direct Ultrasound Studies
  • Indirect Doppler Pressures & Waveforms:
    • At rest and after treadmill exercise
    • Dialysis Access Duplex

    3. Venous Evaluation of Extremities

  • Doppler Ultrasound Exam
  • Plethysmography
  • D-dimer Blood Test

    4. Cerebrovascular Evaluation

  • Carotid Duplex Ultrasound
  • Vertebral Duplex Ultrasound

    5. Dialysis Access Duplex

Invasive Vascular Tests

    1. Arteriography (Angiogram)

    2. Fistulagrams

    3. Ablations

    4. Venography

For more information on the diagnosis, treatment and procedures regarding vascular disease, visit www.vascularweb.org.

Carotid Artery Stenting

Carotid Artery Stenting - Treatment for Carotid Artery DiseaseWhen hardening of the arteries causes a build-up of plaque, a vascular surgeon can first perform angioplasty followed by carotid artery stenting to insert a slender, metal-mesh tube, or stent, to expand the carotid artery to increase blood flow in areas being blocked by plaque. If untreated, enough plaque may build up to reduce blood flow or cause blood clots or pieces of the plaque to break loose and block arteries in the brain. 

Carotid artery disease is a serious condition which can cause stroke or arterial embolism, in which a small piece of plaque or a blood clot breaks loose from where it formed and can block another artery further downstream. Clots that block a tiny artery in the brain can cause temporary neurological symptoms, or transient ischemic attacks, also referred to as “mini-strokes.”

For more information on the diagnosis, treatment and procedures regarding vascular disease, visit www.vascularweb.org.

Surgical Aneurysm Repair

Surgical Aneurysm Repair - Vascular SurgeryAn aneurysm is an enlarged and weakened section of an artery, and is a serious health concern because of the possibility of rupture and blood clots. While they do occur in other arteries, most aneurysms form in the aorta, the largest artery in the human body, running from the heart through the chest and abdomen. The most common type of aneurysms are abdominal aortic aneurysms or AAA.

To surgically repair or remove an aneurysm, the vascular surgeon makes an incision in the skin while the patient is under anesthesia. Through this incision he may perform “open” aneurysm repair or an endovascular procedure called “stent graft” aneurysm repair. The method chosen depends upon location and shape of the aneurysm as well as the health of the patient.

For more information on the diagnosis, treatment and procedures regarding vascular disease, visit www.vascularweb.org.

Carotid Endarterectomy

Carotid Endarterectomy - Vascular Disease TreatmentA safe and long-lasting treatment, carotid endarterectomy is one of the most commonly performed vascular operations. The procedure involves the vascular surgeon removing the lining of the carotid artery that has become damaged or thickened, eliminating plaque from the artery and restoring blood flow.

The carotid arteries are located on each side of the neck and extend from the aorta in the chest to the base of the skull, supplying blood to the brain. Carotid artery disease can create clots on the plaque which can block blood flow to the brain resulting in an ischemic stroke or a mini-stroke. If diagnosed early, treatment can be delivered before a stroke occurs.

For more information on the diagnosis, treatment and procedures regarding vascular disease, visit www.vascularweb.org.

Venous Thrombectomy

Venous Thrombectomy - Vascular Disease TreatmentVenous thrombectomy is the surgical removal of a vein clot. This procedure is most commonly used to treat deep vein thrombosis (DVT). 

When combined with one or more of the following treatments, venous thrombectomy has a high success rate:

  • Thrombolysis
  • Anticoagulant medications
  • Angioplasty and stenting
  • Placement of a vena cava filter


When is it indicated?

Venous thrombectomy is indicated in patients with DVT whose symptoms are severe and have been present for fewer than 7 days. Other indications might include:

  1. Severe phlegmasia cerulea dolens
  2. Severe DVT
  3. Patients who should be treated by thrombolysis or anticoagulation therapy
  4. DVT that has not responded to anticoagulation
  5. Patients who are pregnant

For more information on the diagnosis, treatment and procedures regarding vascular disease, visit www.vascularweb.org.

Varicose Veins

What are varicose veins?

Varicose Veins - Symptoms, Causes, & TreatmentArteries bringing oxygen-rich blood from your heart to the rest of your body and veins return oxygen-poor blood back to your heart. Varicose veins are swollen veins that you can see through your skin. They often look blue, bulging and twisted. Left untreated, varicose veins may worsen over time.

Venous ablation is a minimally invasive treatment option for varicose veins. It is an outpatient office procedure performed at Vascular Health and Wellness. More than 90% of patients who have undergone venous ablation report improvement or resolution of their leg pain and visibility of varicose veins. Varicose veins can cause aching and feelings of fatigue as well as skin changes like rashes, redness and sores. As many as 40 million Americans, most of them women, have varicose veins.

You have three kinds of veins in your legs: the superficial veins, which lie closest to your skin, the deep veins, which lie in groups of muscles, and perforating veins, which connect the superficial veins to the deep veins. The deep veins lead to the vena cave, your body’s largest vein, which runs directly to your heart. Varicose veins occur in the superficial veins in your legs.

When you are in the upright position, the blood in your leg veins must work against gravity to return to your heart.To accomplish this, your leg muscles squeeze the deep veins of your legs and feet. One-way flaps, called valves, in your veins keep blood flowing in the right direction. When your leg muscles contract, the valves inside your veins open. When your legs relax, the valves close. This prevents blood from flowing in reverse, back down the legs. The entire process of sending blood back to the heart is called the venous pump.

When you walk and your leg muscles squeeze, the venous pump works well. But when you sit or stand, especially for a long time, the blood in your leg veins can pool and the pressure in your veins can increase. Deep veins and perforating veins are usually able to withstand short periods of increased pressures. However, if you are a susceptible individual, your veins can stretch if you repeatedly sit or stand for a long time. This stretching can sometimes weaken the walls of your veins and damage your vein valves. Varicose veins may result. Spider veins are mild varicose veins. They look like a nest of red or blue lines just under your skin. Spider veins are not a serious medical problem, but they can be a cosmetic concern to some people, and they can cause symptoms of aching pain and itching in others.


What are the symptoms?

Varicose Veins - Symptoms, Causes, & TreatmentIf you have varicose veins, your legs may feel heavy, tired, restless or achy. Standing or sitting for too long may worsen your symptoms. You may also experience night cramps.

You may notice small clusters of veins in a widening pattern on your leg, or soft, slightly tender knots of veins. Sometimes, the skin on your legs may change color, become irritated, or even form sores.

If you have severe varicose veins, you have slightly increased chances of developing deep vein thrombosis (DVT). DVT may cause sudden, severe leg swelling. DVT is a serious condition that requires immediate medical attention.


What causes varicose veins?

High blood pressure inside your superficial leg veins causes varicose veins. Factors that can increase your risk for varicose veins include having a family history of varicose veins, being overweight, not exercising enough, smoking, standing or sitting for long periods of time, or having DVT. Women are more likely than men to develop varicose veins. Varicose veins usually affect people between the ages of 30 and 70. Pregnant women have an increased risk of developing varicose veins, but the veins often return to normal within 1 year after childbirth. Women who have multiple pregnancies may develop permanent varicose veins.


What tests will I need?

First your physician asks you questions about your general health, medical history and symptoms. In addition, your physician conducts a physical exam. Together these are known as a patient history and exam. Your physician will examine the texture and color of any prominent veins. He or she may apply a tourniquet or direct hand pressure to observe how your veins fill with blood. To confirm a diagnosis of varicose veins, your physician may order a duplex ultrasound test.

Duplex ultrasound uses painless, high-frequency waves higher than human hearing can detect. Your physician uses duplex ultrasound to measure the speed of the blood flow and to see the structure of your leg veins. The test can take approximately 20 minutes for each leg. Besides showing varicose veins, duplex ultrasound may help your physician decide whether your varicose veins could be related to some other condition rather than the veins themselves.


How are varicose veins treated?

Varicose Veins - Symptoms, Causes, & TreatmentVaricose veins may sometimes worsen without treatment. Your physician will first try methods that don’t require surgery to relieve your symptoms. If you have mild to moderate varicose veins, elevating your legs can help reduce leg swelling and relieve other symptoms. Your physician may instruct you to prop your feet up above the level of your heart 3 or 4 times a day for about 15 minutes at a time. When you need to stand for a long period of time, you can flex your legs occasionally to allow the venous pump to keep blood moving toward your heart.


Compression Stockings

Varicose Veins - Symptoms, Causes, & TreatmentFor more severe varicose veins, your physician may prescribe compression stockings. Compression stockings are elastic stockings that squeeze your veins and stop excess blood from flowing backward. In this way, compression stockings can also help heal skin sores and prevent them from returning. You may be required to wear compression stockings daily for the rest of your life. For many patients, compression stockings effectively treat varicose veins and may be all that are needed to relieve pain and swelling to prevent future problems.

When these kinds of treatments alone do not relieve your varicose veins, you may require surgical or minimally invasive treatment, depending upon the extent and severity of the varicose veins. These treatments include, ablation and vein stripping.


Ablation uses a thin, flexible tube called a catheter inserted into a vein in the leg. Tiny electrodes at the tip of the catheter heat the walls of the vein and destroy it. This mode of treatment frequently replaces the stripping that is performed on the saphenous vein that is described above. The objective is to destroy the saphenous vein that is providing the source for varicose vein development. It can be performed alone or in conjunction with ambulatory phlebectomy, which removes individual clusters of varicose veins from the leg. Your vascular surgeon will advise you regarding which procedure is best for your particular situation.

For more information on the diagnosis, treatment and procedures regarding vascular disease, visit www.vascularweb.org.

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)

Save a Leg, Save a Life

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) - Symptoms, Causes, & TreatmentYour arteries carry blood rich in oxygen and nutrients from your heart to the rest of your body. When the arteries in your legs become blocked, your legs do not receive enough blood or oxygen, and you may have a condition called peripheral artery disease (PAD), sometimes called leg artery disease.

PAD can cause discomfort or pain when you walk. The pain can occur in your hips, buttocks, thighs, knees, shins or upper feet. Leg artery disease is considered a type of peripheral artery disease because it affects the arteries, blood vessels that carry blood away from your heart to your limbs. You are more likely to develop PAD as you age. One in 3 people age 70 or older has PAD. Smoking or having diabetes increases your chance of developing the disease sooner.

The aorta is the largest artery in your body and it carries blood pumped out of your heart to the rest of your body. Just beneath your belly button in your abdomen, the aorta splits into the two iliac arteries, which carry blood to each leg. When the iliac arteries reach your groin, they split again to become the femoral arteries. Many smaller arteries branch from your femoral arteries to take blood down to your toes.

Your arteries are normally smooth and unobstructed on the inside but, as you age, they can become blocked through a process called atherosclerosis, which means hardening of the arteries. As you age, a sticky substance called plaque can build up in the walls of your arteries. Plaque is made up of cholesterol, calcium and fibrous tissue. As more plaque builds up, your arteries narrow and stiffen. Eventually, enough plaque builds up to reduce blood flow to your leg arteries. When this happens, your leg does not receive the oxygen it needs. Physicians call this leg artery disease. You may feel well and still have leg artery disease or sometimes similar blockages in other arteries, such as those leading to the heart or brain. It is important to treat this disease not only because it may place you at a greater risk for limb loss, but also for having a heart attack or stroke.

What are the symptoms?

You may not feel any symptoms from peripheral artery disease at first. The most common early symptoms is intermittent claudication (IC). IC is discomfort or pain in your legs that happens when you walk and goes away when you rest. You may not always feel pain; instead you may feel a tightness, heaviness, cramping or weakness in your leg with activity. IC often occurs more quickly if you walk uphill or up a flight of stairs. Over time, you may begin to feel IC at shorter walking distances. Only about 50% of the people with leg artery disease have blockages severe enough to experience IC.

Critical limb ischemia is a symptom that you may experience if you have advance peripheral artery disease. This occurs when your legs do not get enough oxygen even when you are resting. With critical limb ischemia, you may experience pain in your feet or in your toes even when you are not walking.

In severe peripheral artery disease, you may develop painful sores on your toes or feet. If the circulation in your leg does not improve, these ulcers can start as dry, gray or black sores and eventually become dead tissue (called gangrene).

What causes PAD?

Athlerosclerosis causes peripheral artery disease. As you get older, your risk of developing leg artery disease increases. People older than age 50 have an increased risk of developing the disease, and men have a greater risk than women.

Other factors that increase your chances of developing the disease include: smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol or triglycerides, high levels of homocysteine (an amino  acid in your blood), and weighing over 30% more than your ideal weight.

What tests will I need?

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) - Symptoms, Causes, & TreatmentFirst your physician asks you questions about your general health, medical history and symptoms. In addition, your physician conducts a physical exam. Together these are known as a patient history and exam. As part of your history and exam, your

physician will ask you if you smoke or have high blood pressure. Your physician will also want to know when your symptoms occur and how often. As part of the physical exam, your physician will conduct pulse tests, which measure the strength of your pulse in arteries behind your knees and feet.

After your exam, if your physician suspects peripheral artery disease, he or she may perform tests, such as:

  1. Ankle-brachial index (ABI), which compares the blood pressure in your arms and legs
  2. Blood tests for cholesterol or other markers for artery disease
  3. To better understand the extent of your leg artery disease, your physician may also recommend duplex ultrasound, pulse volume recording or angiogram
  4. Duplex ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves to measure real-time blood flow and detects blockages or other abnormalities in the structure of your blood vessels
  5. Pulse volume recording measures the volume of blood at various points in the legs using an arm blood pressure cuff and a Doppler probe
  6. Angiogram, which produces X-ray pictures of the blood vessels in your legs using a contrast dye to highlight your arteries
  7. Physicians usually reserve angiogram for people with more severe forms of leg artery disease


An atherectomy is a procedure in which your vascular surgeon inserts a specialized catheter into a blocked artery to remove a buildup of atheroclerotic plaque from within the vessel. The catheter contains a sharp rotating blade, grinding bit or laser filament as well as a collection system that permits your surgeon to remove the plaque from the wall of the vessel and collect or suction any resulting debris.

Atherectomy is typically used to treat blockages where angioplasty and stenting cannot be performed. This may be as a result of anatomical factors, the location of the blockage, the hardness of the plaque or other factors. More commonly, atherectomy is uses as a complement to angioplasty and stenting, removing significantly hardened blockages and allowing for the insertion of a balloon and stent. A stent is a small metal device that helps to prevent a blockage from reforming at the same location.

A variety of catheters can be used for this procedure, with the type of catheter being used dependent on the nature of the blockage treated.

For more information on the diagnosis, treatment and procedures regarding vascular disease, visit www.vascularweb.org.

Angioplasty and Stenting

Angioplasty & Stenting - PAD TreatmentNarrowed blood vessels often need to be expanded to improve blood flow. This can be done with angioplasty, during which your vascular surgeon inflates a small balloon inside the narrowed vessel. Once the vessel is widened, the surgeon may opt to insert a stent, depending on your particular situation. Stents are tiny mesh tubes that reinforce the artery walls to keep the vessels wide open, thus increasing blood flow.

The procedure is typically done through a small incision or puncture in the skin, through which the surgeon inserts a catheter, the tip of which carries the angioplasty balloon or stent. Through x-ray guidance, the surgeon guides the catheter through the blood vessels to the blocked area to insert the balloon of stent. This treatment is most commonly used to treat peripheral arterial disease (PAD), or hardening of the arteries supplying blood to the limbs and organs in the body.

For more information on the diagnosis, treatment, and procedures regarding vascular disease, visit www.vascularweb.org.